The Buddhist Creed

The Basic Points Unifying the Theravāda and the Mahāyāna is a Buddhist ecumenical statement created by the World Buddhist Sangha Council (WBSC), where the Ven. Walpola Rahula presented a concise formula that presented a unification of all Buddhist traditions.

  1. Whatever our sects, denominations or systems, as Buddhists we all accept the Buddha as our guide who gave us the Teaching.
  2. We all take refuge in the Triple Jewel: the Buddha, our Teacher; the Dhamma, his teaching; and the Sangha, the Community of holy ones. In other words, we take refuge in the Teacher, the Teaching and the Taught.
  3. Whether Theravāda or Mahāyāna, we do not believe that this world is created and ruled by a god at his will.
  4. Following the example of the Buddha, our Teacher, who is embodiment of Great Compassion (mahākaruṇa) and Great Wisdom (mahāprajñā), we consider that the purpose of life is to develop compassion for all living beings without discrimination and to work for their good, happiness and peace; and to develop wisdom leading to the realization of Ultimate Truth.
  5. We accept the Four Noble Truths taught by the Buddha, namely, Dukkha, the fact that our existence in this world is in predicament, is impermanent, imperfect, unsatisfactory, full of conflict; Samudaya, the fact that this state of affairs is due to our egoistic selfishness based on the false idea of self; Nirodha, the fact that there is definitely the possibility of deliverance, liberation, freedom from this predicament by the total eradication of the egoistic selfishness; and Magga, the fact that this liberation can be achieved through the Middle Path which is eight-fold, leading to the perfection of ethical conduct (sila), mental discipline (samadhi) and wisdom (panna).
  6. We accept the universal law of cause and effect taught in the Paṭiccasamuppada (Skt. pratītyasamutpada; Conditioned Genesis or Dependent Origination), and accordingly we accept that everything is relative, interdependent and interrelated and nothing is absolute, permanent and everlasting in this universe.
  7. We understand, according to the teaching of the Buddha, that all conditioned things (samkhara) are impermanent (anicca) and imperfect and unsatisfactory (dukkha), and all conditioned and unconditioned things (dhamma) are without self (anatta).
  8. We accept the Thirty-seven Qualities conducive to Enlightenment (bodhipakkhiyadhamma) as different aspects of the Path taught by the Buddha leading to Enlightenment.  [For a better explaination of the 37 Qualities check out “Thing Pertaining to Bodhi: The Thirty-Seven Aids to Enlightenment” by Sheng Yen]
  9. There are three ways of attaining Bodhi or Enlightenment according to the ability and capacity of each individual: namely, as a Sravaka (disciple), as a Pratyekabuddha (Individual Buddha) and as a Samyaksambuddha (Perfectly and Fully Enlightened Buddha). We accept it as the highest, noblest and most heroic to follow the career of a Boddhisattva and to become a Samyksambuddha in order to save others. But these three states are on the same Path, not on different paths. In fact, the Sandhinirmocana-sutra, a well-known important Mahayana sutra, clearly and emphatically says that those who follow the line of Śrāvakayāna (Vehicle of Disciples) or the line of Pratyekabuddha-yana (Vehicle of Individual Buddhas) or the line of Tathagatas (Mahayana) attain the supreme Nirvana by the same Path, and that for all of them there is only one Path of Purification (visuddhi-marga) and only one Purification (visuddhi) and no second one, and that they are not different paths and different purifications, and that Sravakayana and Mahayana constitute One Vehicle One Yana (ekayana) and not distinct and different vehicles or yanas.
  10. We admit that in different countries there are differences with regard to the ways of life of Buddhist monks, popular Buddhist beliefs and practices, rites and rituals, ceremonies, customs and habits. These external forms and expressions should not be confused with the essential teachings of the Buddha.

I made a call on twitter a week ago for something that would equate to a Buddhist “creed”.  My request was met with some commentary as well as trepidation that something like a Buddhist creed would be more exclusive than inclusive and serve to define rather than expound.  The structure of the above, however, is meant to show the similarities which all Buddhist schools can agree upon and at the same time present a general outline of what parts can make up a Buddhist.  It is an aid and not a definition.

For me, the strength of this document lies in its explanatory ability.  For many of those that have misconceptions about Buddhism in general, this can be a wonderful concise exposition of Buddhist foundational thought and practice.  At the same time, it is important not fall into a fundamentalist mindset and insist that because something looks or presents itself differently, it actually is.

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4 thoughts on “The Buddhist Creed

  1. Hey Matt, I assumed that Vajrayana was included under the Mahayana in this case but I think that every sect or vehicle would feel the same. That this statement includes them but they stand apart in some ways. Again this is only meant, as I understand it, as a point of agreement from all Buddhist schools.

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